Wood, green lamps with red bulbs, paint, Sheetrock, small coffee table, electrical wires, power bar
Collection Ruth Kaufmann, New York
Glossary of Terms
a three dimensional collage, which can be made out of any combination
are hung on a wall, and can be made from many objects, which are usually
glued or attached to a paper background. Collage can contain sculptural, or
three-dimensional objects, and bridge the way between flat drawings and
Relationships of colors, which interact together differently than they do
on their own.
are colors that oppose each other on the color wheel: blue and orange, red
and green, and yellow and violet. Each primary color is paired with a
secondary color that is a mixture of the two remaining primary colors.
For instance, the complement of blue is orange, which is a mixture of
yellow and red. When placed next to each other, complementary colors
appear vibrant and active. Mixing complementary colors together results in
various shades of brown.
the degree of intensity, or inner light, found in a color.
(red, yellow and blue) are colors that cannot be achieved by mixing colors
together. They can be mixed together in various proportions to achieve
all other colors.
(orange, green, and violet) are achieved by mixing two primary colors
refers to the degree of lightness or darkness between the extremes of
black and white, which can be mixed into colors to change their value.
Value is determined both by the degree of light (natural or artificial)
that illuminates an object, and by its local color. For example, a
blue object in under a spotlight can be lighter than a yellow object
hidden in deep shadow.
Warm and Cool colors-
Warm colors are red, orange and yellow; cool colors are green, blue, and
purple. Warm colors tend to advance, cool colors tend to recede.
Stationary objects are still and unchanging; Stockholder transforms
stationary objects into dynamic, or active forms that are filled with energy
are meant to be viewed or experience in a three dimensional space.
Installations are often site-specific, which means they are designed to be
displayed in a particular room or exhibition space, in response to something
specific to the location. Installations can be indoors or outdoors, and
incorporate more than one object, seen in relation to each other, as opposed
to individual sculptures.
Maps of the
world made in Europe in the Middle Ages. Because of the importance of
Christianity and the lack of technology to accurately measure distance (such
as longitude), these maps reflected a worldview or cosmology revolving
around Christianity instead of a literal portrayal of the geographical or
that is free standing or in relief (hung against a wall). Three dimensional
sculptures are usually meant to be seen from various points of view, either
in the round, from all sides, as in a free-standing sculpture, or from
various points along a pathway, as in a relief that hangs on a wall.
Two or three dimensional works created in a studio, not made for a
particular space like site-specific installations. Studio works such as
paintings, drawings, and sculptures can be displayed in many types of
Stockholder incorporates household items into her works, and
changes their function and meaning in the process.
Artists and Topics for Further